(October 2015) Female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C) refers to “all procedures involving partial or total removal of the female external genitalia or other injury to the female genital organs for non-medical reasons”. According to UNICEF, FGM/C “is a fundamental violation of human rights. Approximately 125 million girls and women have been forcibly subjected to FGM/C in the 29 African and Middle Eastern countries where it is most prevalent. Sudan is in the highest category of prevalence for countries with FGM/C, and 37% of the girls affected are under the age of 14. Reasons cited for undertaking FGM/C are control over a woman’s sexuality, hygiene, gender-based factors, cultural identity and religion.