The Institute for Human Rights and Development in Africa is a non-profit, non-governmental pan African organization, based in the Gambia. It was founded in 1997 by two human rights lawyers who had previously worked for the Secretariat of the African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights. They identified that the most imminent challenge impeding the effectiveness of the African human rights system was a lack of awareness concerning its procedures. Therefore, the Institute’s mandate is to increase the effectiveness and accessibility of the human rights protection mechanisms of the African Union, especially the African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights-by strengthening the human rights institutions in Africa, ensuring compliance with the existing norms and making the system widely accessible to victims of human rights violations and other actors of civil society.