(14 January 2019) This report covers the period October – December 2018 under the unilateral ceasefires declared by each of the two opposing forces, the Sudan government and the SPLM/A-N. The NHRMO is not aware of any ceasefire extension by either party since 31 December 2018.
In July 2018, the Sudan government issued a decree extending the unilateral ceasefire in Southern Kordofan, Blue Nile and Darfur until 31 December 2018. On 28 November 2018, on behalf of SPLM/A-N, Lieutenant General Abdalaziz Adam Alhilu extended the cessation of hostilities from 1 November to 31 December 2018.
(September 2018) This special update covers the period from June 2016 to July 2018 and focuses on the SPLM/A-N controlled areas of Nuba Mountains/Southern Kordofan (SK) and Blue Nile (BN) states of Sudan.
For over two years now, since mid-2016, there has been a fairly effective cessation of hostilities in place in SK and BN. The decisive step taken to cease fighting and stop over five years of regular aerial bombardments was first declared by Sudanese President Omar Al Bashir on 16 June 2016 and then subsequently extended several times on a unilateral basis by the belligerent parties (SPLM/A-N and the government of Sudan), in parallel fashion, whenever their respective unilateral ceasefires are about to expire.
However, despite the cessation of hostilities, human rights violations, have continued to be committed, mainly by the Sudanese Armed Forces (SAF) and allied militias or paramilitary forces though admittedly at a lower rate.
(26 August 2018) Two court sessions were held on 24th July 2018 and 9th August 2018 at Khartoum North before Justice Murshid Ahmed Elamein. In the two court sessions, lawyers panels had to make their last submissions, The judge announced that he would deliver this verdict in the next court session on 12 September 2018.
(August 2018) Like elsewhere in Sudan (IFRC, 13 Aug 2018, FEWSNET, 31 Aug 2018), heavy and erratic rains have affected the planting season (June – August) in South Kordofan and Blue Nile. The rains were also followed by a dry-spell and pest infestation (birds and insects). This, in combination with seed shortages, have affected the early growing season and it is already having serious consequences on the growing season of long-term sorghum in both areas. Based on this current situation, poor crop production is expected this year. Long maturity type sorghum which is commonly planted has failed in most of the areas. Previously, communities in Blue Nile relied on quick maturing sorghum planted in September and October for the main lean season but with no seeds available and exhaustion of the early maize and sorghum crop, the lean season of 2019 is likely to be early and food insecurity situation worse next year.
(3 June 2018) The four court sessions were scheduled for 22nd, 23rd, 29th and 30th May 2018 respectively. Only two of them were took place and the other two were postponed because the defendants’ panel failed to bring their witnesses. The court sessions were held at Khartoum North court before Justice/ Abdeen Hamid Dhahi and apart from the prosecutor all other parties attended. Court was adjourned to 5th and 6th June 2018.
(23 April 2018) Two court sessions were held on 11th and 18th April 2018 at Khartoum North court before Justice Abdeen Hamid Dhahi and were only attended by both lawyers’ panels. The two sessions were intended to be procedural for handing over the case file but it turned out that the same judge will continue to preside over the trial. The next court session is scheduled for 25th April 2018.
(April 16, 2018) This update highlights two points:
- The 2017 harvest, although better than last year, has not improved overall food security in the conflict areas.
- A joint assessment in March to Wadaka Payam, Blue Nile, revealed that displaced people rely on roots to survive and lack basic services.
(7 April 2018) The court session was held on 28th March 2018 at Khartoum North court before Justice/ Abdeen Hamid Dhahi. Apart from the prosecutor, all parties were present. During this session, three defending witnesses delivered their testimonies. The next court session is scheduled for 11th April 2018.
(5 March 2018) The court session was held on 28 February 2018 at Khartoum North court before Justice Abdeen Hamid Dhahi. Apart from the prosecutor, all parties were present. At the session, the judge continued questioning the defendants. The next court session is scheduled for 7 March.
(February 16, 2018) Projections for the coming leans season suggest food stocks from the ongoing harvest will last through April in South Kordofan and through March in Blue Nile. This leaves a substantial gap as the next harvest would begin, at earliest, in August.
- There remains little to no access to basic pediatric care or medical supplies in both South Kordofan and Blue Nile, putting the child population at elevated risk of death from treatable diseases.
- Schools in Blue Nile were not able to resume in October along their typical calendar. By January only schools in Yabus payam were functioning.
- Tensions remain high in Blue Nile. While active conflict has greatly subsided, mediation between parties to the conflict is needed to ensure stability and provide access for humanitarians.