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Sudan Consortium reports

Sudanese Rights Group (Huqooq) - Human Rights Monitoring 6th Weekly Report-Sudan

On the 29th of May 2016, the Interior Minister lieutenant General Esmat Abd Al-Rahman revealed in a press statement after a meeting with the security and defense committee in the parliament that they are going to apply theft amputation sentence against whoever involved in car theft and smuggling in Darfur. He added that the ministry of Interior has made arrangements in connection with the collection of heavy weapons and vehicles with four-wheel drive from the citizens, and the decision will be implemented in the near future. The minister further pointed out that the ministry of interior has sought to find solutions in regard to the small arms carried by the nomads, who need the arms during their long routs, either appointing a force to insure their safety during their movements or license their weapons or give them official status that allow them to carry their arms.(Source: Aljareeda newspaper, issue: 1773, date: 30 May 2016)

Read the full report.

Sudanese Rights Group (Huqooq) - Human Rights Monitoring 5th Weekly Report-Sudan

(3-13 May 2016) New Developments:

  • On the 9th of May 2016, the vice chancellor office of the University of Khartoum, issued an administrative decision to suspend classes at the Faculty of Education indefinitely. Although the letter was dated 8th of May; the decision was based on the recommendation of the Heads of Departments’ Council dated 9th of May 2016.

Read the full report.

Sudanese Rights Group - Alert Report

(5 May 2016) On 5th May, at around 3:00 pm, an armed group of 18 agents of National Intelligence and security Service NISS invaded the office of the prominent human rights lawyer Nabil Adib Abd Allah, in Street 5 Alamart area in Khartoum, the forces have searched the office and arrested 11 students of Khartoum University who were dismissed from the university on 3rd May following the unrest and protests that erupted in Khartoum University since 11th April, the students were at Nabil Adib office to discuss the case of their dismissal and to represent them before the competent authorities, the NISS agents confiscated number of legal files and documents from Nabil office and beaten the students before taking them to unknown place. Among those arrested during the raid two lawyers Mohamed Draj Mohamed Khalil and two female’s staff working with Nabil Law Firm, who were released.

Read the full report.

Sudanese Rights Group (Huqooq) Human Rights Monitoring Weekly Report - Sudan 26th April-3rd May 2016

On 3rd May 2016, Khartoum University administration suspended the study for all the faculties in the main campus indefinitely after demonstrations, as tension looms once again after the killing of two students in Kordofan and Omdorman Ahlia Universities last month, It is worth noting that Khartoum University has been witnessing demonstrations since 11th April after circulation reports of selling and moving university building to Soba area south Khartoum.(Source: Khartoum University Student).

Read the full report.

HUDO 2015 Annual Report on violations in government controlled areas of SK and BN

Human Rights and Development Organization (HUDO Centre) is a Sudanese non-governmental organization based in Kampala and Juba, South Sudan. Their report highlights incidents of human rights violations and abuses that took place in Southern Kordofan and Blue Nile (the two areas) during the year of 2015. The report documents more than fifty cases of arbitrary arrest and the looting of more than twenty villages looted and burned leading to mass displacement. A number of rape cases have also been documented along with child rights violations. The main purpose of this report is to bring to light the human rights violations and abuses taking place in the two areas to stakeholders like the UN and (international community) to push the government of Sudan to respect international human rights and humanitarian laws.

Read the full report.

Sudan Human Rights Update – January 2016

During the month of January 2016, SUDO (UK)’s network of human rights monitors have reported and verified 67 incidents of human rights abuses across Sudan involving 11 Sudanese states.

Out of the 67 incident reports submitted, SUDO (UK) has assessed that various forces under the authority of the Government of Sudan, as individual entities, were involved collectively in 61 instances of human rights abuses, whilst various militias known collectively as Janjaweed were responsible for 23 human rights abuses. Other perpetrators include unknown actors who were involved in two abuses, and a Gemer ethnic militia involved in one such incident. It is important to stress that multiple actors colluded in various incidents meaning that often two perpetrators would be identified in any one incident report. Most notably such collusion existed between various Government actors and indeed amongst Government actors and militias.

Read the full report.

West Darfur: One student dead after heavy beatings and serious concern for safety of another student detained incommunicado at security offices

(8 February 2016) The African Centre for Justice and Peace Studies (ACJPS) is deeply concerned about new reports of arbitrary detention, custodial violence and excessive use of force by the Sudanese authorities in El Geneina, West Darfur state, in late January following a political forum held at El Geneina University. The violence follows armed attacks on Mouli village just south of El Geneina on 9 and 10 January by suspected members of the Government’s Rapid Support Forces.

Read more.

Walking the talk or fleeing the scene: The pressing need for an effective role of UNAMID in Darfur

(27 January 2016) Since November 2014, there is increased demand from the Sudanese government for the UN/AU Hybrid Operation in Darfur (UNAMID) to leave Sudanese soil. This demand came to light following the involvement of UNAMID in exposing the mass rape crime in Tabit. While the Sudanese government justifys its demand with claims of peace and stability in Darfur, the reality on the ground shows a steady increase in violence. For UNAMID to leave would exacerbate the severe protection and humanitarian crises in the region. Instead, discussions must focus on increasing the effectiveness of UNAMID.

Read the full report.

Sudan must protect civilians in West Darfur and reign in security forces after village burned and protestors lethally shot

(14 January 2016) Sudanese authorities should immediately put in place measures to ensure the protection of civilians in and around El Geneina, the capital city of West Darfur state, and reign in state security forces following the lethal shooting of at least ten civilians by police and security personnel and the burning and looting of the nearby village of Mouli, approximately 15 kilometers south of El Geneina over the past week. Mouli was attacked and burned to the ground by suspected members of the Government’s Rapid Support Forces on 9 and 10 January. Four residents of Mouli were abducted during the attacks and their whereabouts remain unknown. On 10 January, Central Reserve Police and National Intelligence and Security Services (NISS) fired live ammunition and tear gas to disperse an angry crowd that had gathered in front of the West Darfur Governor’s offices in El Geneina and set fire to property. It is thought that most people in the crowd had been displaced from Mouli earlier that morning and headed to the State governor’s office to demand protection. At least seven people were killed, including one 16-year old boy, and ten were injured when authorities fired on the crowd.

Read the full report.

Rape In Darfur: A History Of Predation

(November 2015) Early in 2015, Waging Peace acquired 77 testimonies documenting first-hand accounts of rape and mass rape in Darfur. We prepared this ‘snapshot’ report not for use as a comprehensive guide to the issue of rape in Darfur, but to highlight the fact that sexual and gender-based violence committed by armed groups is a persistent and devastating part of the conflict in the region, as well as to pay tribute to the bravery of the women for sharing their stories.

Read the full report.

Female Genital Mutilation And Cutting In Sudan

(October 2015) Female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C) refers to “all procedures involving partial or total removal of the female external genitalia or other injury to the female genital organs for non-medical reasons”. According to UNICEF, FGM/C “is a fundamental violation of human rights. Approximately 125 million girls and women have been forcibly subjected to FGM/C in the 29 African and Middle Eastern countries where it is most prevalent. Sudan is in the highest category of prevalence for countries with FGM/C, and 37% of the girls affected are under the age of 14. Reasons cited for undertaking FGM/C are control over a woman’s sexuality, hygiene, gender-based factors, cultural identity and religion.

Read the full report.

Sudan Civil Society Watch: July – September 2015 (Issue #3)

(16 October 2015) Produced by the Confederation of Sudanese Civil Society organizations (CSCSOs), Sudan Civil Society Watch is a quarterly bulletin concerned with monitoring and reporting on the space and flux for civil society in Sudan. The bulletin acts as an evidence base and is used to engage with policy and decision-makers to improve and expand the space for Sudanese civil society.

Data and information is collected via information and communication technologies through a network of trusted correspondents from civil society activists and organizations throughout the country. Information is also processed and analysed through focus group discussions and secondary sources.

Read the full report (English, Arabic).

Waging Peace Briefing On How UK Overseas Aid Was Spent Training Sudanese Police

In March the Independent Commission for Aid Impact released a report on how UK aid has been spent training overseas police forces. The report (available at: http://icai.independent.gov.uk/reports/uk-development-assistance-for-security-and-justice/) received little attention in the run-up to the general election. Yet, it concludes that UK officials may be making bad human rights situations worse by honing the skills of repressive security forces.

In the case of Sudan, more than £850,000 was spent on a programme that had to be “terminated ahead of schedule, following violent suppression of protests in Khartoum and other cities in September 2013”, in which more than 100 unarmed democracy protesters were killed.

Read the full report.

Sudan Public Opinion Poll Results of the Election opinion Poll, in Khartoum, River Nile, Kassala, Northern Kordofan, Aljazeera and White Nile States

(June 2015) This report includes the main results of the public opinion poll on the current election, 2015, in six out of Sudan’s 18 states. The opinion poll reflects the general public’s satisfaction with what the government of Sudan calls “the citizens’ constitutional rights” to choose their president and parliamentary representatives. The six states where this survey was carried out are Khartoum, River Nile, Kassala, Northern Kordofan, Aljazeera and White Nile states. The results were gathered in the field through direct structured interviews and covered all localities of the surveyed states. The sample size for the survey was determined by the accuracy, and degree of precision required for the survey estimates for each state and available resources. The interviews were carried out by 75 qualified young researchers managed by nine supervisors.

Read the full report.

“Your silence is a shame to humanity.”

(21 April 2015) A new report launched today by the International Refugee Rights Initiative and the National Human Rights Monitoring Organisation brings the voices of civilians living through the conflict in Sudan’s Southern Kordofan State to the international community.

Focusing on the devastating impact of the conflict on every aspect of people’s lives, the report highlights the extraordinary resilience and resistance of the civilian population. Inevitably, however, this resilience is also being worn away by the continuing onslaught.

Read the full press release.
Read the full paper.

Urgent Appeal - The Observatory

(21 April 2015) The Observatory for the Protection of Human Rights Defenders, a joint programme of the International Federation for Human Rights (FIDH) and the World Organisation Against Torture (OMCT), requests your urgent intervention in the following situation in Sudan.

Description of the situation: The Observatory has been informed by reliable sources about the arbitrary arrest and judicial harassment of Mr. Adil Bakheit, member of the Board of Trustees of the Sudan Human Rights Monitor (SHRM) by the National Intelligence and Security Services (NISS). Mr. Bakheit, a human rights trainer, also played an important monitoring role during the 2010 elections and 2011 referendum in Sudan.

Read the full report.

Humanitarian Update - March 2015

While the first three weeks of March were relatively calm, the last week witnessed an notable increase in aerial bombardment and shelling in South Kordofan causing significant displacement and damage to livestock, food and tree crops. A new wave of ground fighting has reportedly caused the displacement of over 20,000 civilians from the front-line areas. Consistent with previous trends, bombing in March appeared to be directed towards civilian targets, such as farms, food stocks and schools, including the New Sudan Primary School in Heiban Payam, but did not cause any human casualties. At the end of the month/beginning of April, the IDPs living in caves in the Tunguli area were targeted, causing the death of seven people. SPLA North military attacks employing a mobile force and aimed at undermining the April elections and depleting government resources, have reportedly provoked civilian casualties and displacement from Government held locations in South Kordofan.

Read the full report.

Detentions, civil society closures, media restrictions on eve of Sudan elections

(12 April 2015) Sudan’s national general elections will begin on 13 April 2015. For the African Centre for Justice and Peace Studies (ACJPS) and the International Federation for Human Rights (FIDH), “there is no prospect of open, transparent free or fair elections in Sudan whilst independent civil society groups, human rights defenders, political activists and journalists are at such a high risk of arbitrary detention for voicing dissenting views and whilst conflict rages in Darfur, South Kordofan and Blue Nile states”.

The electoral process has been rejected by nearly all mainstream political opposition parties on the basis that it is not genuine, inclusive or aimed at reaching a national consensus. Instead, in the run-up to elections, brutal repression against dissenting voices has considerably increased: political opponents, journalists, and human rights defenders are being targeted by the regime more than ever. In the conflict areas of Darfur, Blue Nile and South Kordofan, mass atrocities continue to be perpetrated against civilians. Additionally, the electoral process has been marred by a number of procedural irregularities and will take place amidst a fragile political environment.

Read more.

South Kordofan and Blue Nile Coordination Unit Protection Report1 #5 - 2015

(12 April, 2015) For the SPLM-N controlled locations in the Two Areas, the month of March in terms of civilian protection incidents has been somewhat subdued when compared to the previous three months. No deaths were reported in March 2015 and 20 civilians were reported to having been injured as a result of aerial bombardment or shelling.

However, the intensity of military attacks that affected civilian locations in SPLM-N controlled areas increased near the end of March and into the first week of April, resulting in 17 civilian deaths and 12 persons injured between April 4 and 7th. Shelling from the SAF garrison in Dilling town into Al Kuk village on April 6th killed 9 people from the same family, including a one day old baby, and children of ages 2, 5, 10, two of 13, 15 and 18 years as well as a 23 year old adult. Bombs dropped near a local grinding mill in Tunguli, Dalami County, on April 7th killed 7 people; two women, two students and two young children, and a elderly man was seriously injured and then died while being transported to a distant hospital. The grinding mill which provides a critical service for the local population was also destroyed.

Read the full report.

Public opinion poll reveals discontent in Sudan

The findings of a public opinion poll conducted in Khartoum State and released today by the Sudan Consortium showed a high level of discontent with the state of the economy, governance and services in Sudan.

Based on a survey of 782 households, the survey covers public opinion on the socio-economic situation in the country, security, the problems facing the country, emigration, local service, corruption and the National Dialogue process. When asked about the problems facing the country, respondents identified economic issues first with the most popular two answers being increasing prices and inflation and poverty. Respondents also identified corruption, poor services, and armed conflict and geographic, ethnic and political division in the country.

Read more.

Human Rights Update: February -March 2015

(9 April 2015) As elections in Sudan approach in April 2015, the conflict in Southern Kordofan is being drawn in to the political debate. President Bashir had promised that all wars would be ended by the end of 2014 and that the elections would be held in a peaceful environment. The continuation of the war, among other factors, is undermining international confidence in the elections. At the same time, rebels have threatened to stop the elections in Southern Kordofan and have claimed that their recent offensives have been undertaken in an effort to support election boycotts.

Read the full update.

A Study of The Sudanese Voluntary and Humanitarian Work Act 2006

This report provides an analysis the different aspects of the Sudanese Voluntary and Humanitarian Work Act 2006 in comparison with Ethiopian, Egyptian and English Law. The method of research chosen was a comparative study of Laws. The English Law was chosen as a standard democratic law from a stable country in which to compare the Sudanese Voluntary and Humanitarian Work Act 2006 with reference to the Sudanese constitution, as well as, comparisons with two neighboring countries laws- Ethiopia and Egypt. Roundtable discussions were also conducted with members of Sudanese Civil Society Organizations, in order to understand their experiences on how this Act is implemented; their contributions were then incorporated into this report. The findings show that the Sudanese Voluntary and Humanitarian Work Act 2006 is used by the government to suppress Sudanese Civil Society. It is found to be unconstitutional because it deprives citizens of their right to associate and assemble. It is also found that implementation of the Act varies according to the whim of whoever is in control. It must be stated that this report has limitations due to difficulty of access to information regarding laws related to the HAC. This is because of the nature of secrecy surrounding all security related matters in Sudan.

Read the full report (English).

Humanitarian Crisis in Sudan’s Two Areas and Darfur: March 2015

For civilians in many parts of Sudan, 2015 has already brought rising hostilities, mass displacement, and a deepening food crisis. The conditions are such that hundreds of civilians are fleeing across the Sudanese border to refugee camps in Unity State, where South Sudan’s civil war is still raging. They have made the judgement that the risks of remaining in Sudan, where they would continue to be subjected to intense aerial bombardment and shelling of civilian areas, and unsustainable livelihoods, were greater than any risks they might encounter in the conflict zone across the border.

Civilians in the ‘Two Areas’ – Southern Kordofan and Blue Nile – have suffered from nearly four years of uninterrupted conflict that has internally displaced 1.7 million people, roughly half of the population. Meanwhile, the conflict in Darfur has thus far internally displaced 2.5 million, and has resulted in over 4.4 million civilians requiring humanitarian assistance, a level rarely exceeded in the history of the twelve year conflict. Both conflicts have seen civilians systematically targeted with regular reporting of killing, rape, destruction of property and community infrastructure, and loss of livelihoods.

Read the full briefing:
In English, in Arabic.

Sudan Human Rights Monitor Issue 27: December 2014 – January 2015

The Monitoring Report provides a detailed account of human rights violations documented by the African Centre for Justice and Peace Studies (ACJPS) including a rise in freedom of expression, association, and assembly violations in January 2015. Press censorship continued and restrictions on independent civil society surged. The National Intelligence and Security Services (NISS) raided the Sudanese Human Rights Monitor in late December and the Registrar of Cultural Groups ordered the closures of the Mahmoud Mohamed Taha Centre and the Sudanese Writers’ Union in January. The monitoring report also covers incidents of arbitrary arrest and excessive use of force against students at Red Sea University in Port Sudan, Kassala University in Kassala, and at the University of Bahri in Khartoum.

Read more.


Human Rights Update: December 2014 – January 2015

During the months of December 2014 and January 2015, Southern Kordofan (SK) saw a significant increase in the number of bombings and shellings, indicating that the dry season offensive continues to escalate. The number of bombings in December was almost double the number recorded in November, and in January the number increased further. Although the number of attacks was less than the number in the same months a year ago, the number of casualties was higher. The number of deaths more than tripled between November 2014 and January 2015, and in January 2015 alone the number of injuries reached the highest level since the monitoring began.

Not only have the attacks been severe in the number of casualties that they have produced, they have also caused significant property damage, with 49 animals reported killed and dozens of houses destroyed.

Read more.

Human Rights Update: November 2014

In Southern Kordofan, the pattern of increased aerial bombardment, which began in late October, continued. Fifteen incidents of aerial bombardment were recorded in the first 15 days of November alone,1 reinforcing the belief that the increase in attacks is tied to the onset of the dry season. In Blue Nile, a number of bombing of civilian areas were also recorded.

Read more.

Human Rights Update: October 2014

The month of October saw a dramatic fourfold increase from the previous month in bombings in Southern Kordofan, particularly at the end of the month as the rains eased and the dry season approached. A total of 20 bombings were recorded by the monitors, with six bombings recorded in the last five days of the month. 

The bombings in October were concentrated primarily in one geographic area, that of Delami County. Not only did thirteen of the bombing incidents occur there, but six of these incidents targeted just two villages. 

Read more.

Human Rights Update: September 2014

The month of September was relatively calm in Southern Kordofan as the third year anniversary of outbreak of violence in Blue Nile passed. This calm, however, is widely seen as temporary and the continuation of attacks on civilians, statements by the government of Sudan that they are planning to continue offensives in the area and reports of troops massing in Blue Nile are all contributing to a continuing climate of fear.1 The Sudanese Armed Forces and the allied Rapid Support Forces (RSF) remain deployed close to populated areas and many are wary of tending to, and harvesting, their crops for fear of renewed government action.

On 8 September 2014, three rocket shells were fired from the Altamor area at the village of Allabou Fatah in Um Dorein. There were no casualties as a result of the attack, but the shelling did damage farms in the area. On September 29, 2014, there were two bombing incidents in Delami County in Southern Kordofan. The attacks in the villages of Mardis and Umethan did not cause any causalities, but they did damage to farming activity.

Read more.

Violations in the Nuba Mountains

Violations in the Nuba Mountains began to escalate with the end of the rainy season and the increase of the security and military presence. Several incidents occurred

Read the full report (English, Arabic).

Human Rights Update: August 2014

Attacks on civilians in opposition held areas of Southern Kordofan and Blue Nile continued in July and August 2014, with five incidents reported in July and eight in August. The attacks killed two people, injured five, killed 60 animals and damaged property and crops.

Refugees from Blue Nile in camps in Maban County, South Sudan were caught up in renewed violence, which caused aid disruptions and widespread fear in the camps.

Read more.

More than 127,000 Sudanese Refugees are at Risk of Massacre in Camps in South Sudan Eruption of Violence in Maban, Upper Nile, Targets Humanitarian Aid Workers

(6 August 2014) On 3 August, the security situation in Maban County in Upper Nile State, in South Sudan, has deteriorated. The capital city Bunj, has witnessed sporadic bouts of killing and shelling over the past three days. The violence threatened the lives of over 127,000 Sudanese refugees from Blue Nile, spread over four camps in Maban. In addition, thousands of humanitarians aid workers and civilians of South Sudan have faced the armed violence.

Read the full report (English, Arabic).

Human Rights Update: June 2014.

Three year anniversary of outbreak of conflict sees highest number of attacks directed against the civilian population of Southern Kordofan

The Government of Sudan’s (GoS) military offensive against opposition forces of the Sudanese People’s Liberation Movement-North (SPLM-N) in Southern Kordofan reached a new level of intensity during June, provoking increased concern over the fate of civilians in those areas.

Between 1 and 22 June, monitors on the ground recorded a total of 1,062 bombs2 and 1,229 artillery/rocket shells landing on or near civilian settlements in Southern Kordofan during the course of 82 separate attacks. This represents the highest number of attacks directed against the civilian population in Southern Kordofan since the conflict began in 2011.

Read more.

Human Rights Update: Concern over Protection of Civilians in Southern Kordofan: May 2014

(June 2014) During the month of May 2014, the government of Sudan (GoS) not only continued the intense military offensive that it began in April, it increased attacks on protected civilian objects, including medical facilities, schools, humanitarian infrastructure and agricultural activities.
Between 26 and 29 May, the Sudanese Air Force launched repeated bombing attacks against the undefended town of Kauda in Heiban County, Southern Kordofan (SK). As well as destroying numerous homes, the attacks caused extensive damage to the headquarters of the main humanitarian NGO operating in SK, and also damaged two schools and a village medical clinic. This represents the most intense sustained aerial bombardment of Kauda and its surrounding villages since the conflict began in 2011.

Read more.

Targeted bombing by SAF of Local Humanitarian Agency Compound in South Kordofan

(28 May 2014) Reports from staff of partner organisations on the ground indicate that between 10 am and 12 noon on 26 May, a Sudan Air Force (SAF) Antonov plane dropped eight bombs in what appears to be a deliberate and targeted attack on the Kauda-based headquarters of one of the main local civil society organisations attempting to respond to the humanitarian crisis in the Nuba Mountains. Fortunately, only one of these eight bombs directly hit the organisation’s compound, and no casualties were reported, however the attack caused extensive damage to the organisation’s office buildings.

While it is not the first time this organisation and its compound has been targeted, the scale of this  attack is significant as it suggests that government of Sudan (GoS) is escalating its campaign on civilian and humanitarian targets. The deliberate targeting of local civilian structures and organisations directly involved with responding to the very significant humanitarian needs in locations where no other humanitarian actors are present is exacerbating an already dire humanitarian situation. The compound facility targeted in this attack cannot be confused with any sort of military target as there are no arms, no other military installations and no uniformed individuals in or near the compound – only civilians and civilian assets. In addition, the last two weeks have also seen targeted bombing raids on the only two hospitals in the opposition controlled areas and continued heavy artillery shelling of civilian targets in Delami County where internally displaced persons (IDP)s are concentrated and resident populations are attempting to cultivate crops essential for their survival.

These attacks are on-going and likely to continue to be against essential and life-saving humanitarian efforts and services for a population of close to a million people (in opposition controlled areas). Sudanese civilians are being targeted by their own government in the ongoing conflict in these two states and a much greater national and international response is called for. The United Nations and all concerned member states, need to demand that targeting of civilians and civilians assets in the conflicts in South Kordofan and Blue Nile are stopped with immediate effect.

Human Rights Update: The impact of Sudanese military operations on the civilian population of Southern Kordofan: April 2014

In the last week of April, large numbers of civilians were reported to have been displaced from their homes in Delami County, South Kordofan as a result of a major new military offensive launched in Southern Kordofan by the Sudanese Armed Forces (SAF). Although exact numbers are difficult to establish, partners have cited estimates between 45,000 and 70,000.

The government offensive in Southern Kordofan appears to have been concentrated on Rashad, Al Abisseya and Delami counties in the north-east of Southern Kordofan. The situation on the ground remains fluid and information from Rashad and Al Abisseya counties has been difficult to obtain. However the Sudan Consortium’s partners on the ground have been able to report firsthand on the situation in Delami County and have interviewed internally displaced persons (IDPs) fleeing from the fighting further north.

Read more.

Human Rights Update: The Impact of Conflict on Civilians in Southern Kordofan and Blue Nile States: March 2014

During the month of March, the number of attacks in Blue Nile increased significantly, with monitors on the ground reporting 66 bombs dropped on eight villages in 15 separate attacks. In addition, there were disturbing reports of prohibited stocks of anti-personnel landmines being discovered in vehicles captured from Sudanese Armed Forces (SAF) by the Sudan Peoples’ Liberation Army – North (SPLA-N) troops in ground fighting in Blue Nile.

 In Southern Kordofan, although the number of air strikes launched by the Sudanese Air Force against civilians dropped during March, they nonetheless continued at a steady rate with ten bomb attacks recorded in the areas monitored by our partners. A total of four civilians were killed and 13 injured as a result of these attacks. All those killed were children. Another 3 children were injured, along with 4 women. While the number of air attacks decreased in Southern Kordofan during March, there were reports of increased activity on the ground by militia groups associated with the government of Sudan.

Read more.
In Arabic.

Human Rights Update: Update on the Impact of Aerial Bombardment on Civilians: February 2014

Despite the AUHIP-sponsored peace talks that took place between the government of Sudan (GoS) and the SPLM-N between 14 February and 2 March 2014, the GoS did not halt its campaign of air attacks against civilian targets in SPLM-N controlled areas in Southern Kordofan and Blue Nile States. Indeed, during the month of February, the number of civilians killed and injured in Southern Kordofan was the highest recorded by the monitors on the ground since the current conflict began in 2011.

As talks were about to begin, aircraft from the Sudanese Air Force systematically bombarded six villages in Andulu District and in neighbouring Umserndiba on 12 and 13 February 2014. In one particularly egregious incident on 13 February, 13 civilians were killed and 16 injured when Sudanese air force jets fired 28 rockets into the crowded market area of Thorlatiso village in Andulu District, Um Dorein County, Southern Kordofan. The dead included five women, two of whom were pregnant. The attacks on the other five settlements killed 14 and injured 22. The villages that were attacked were entirely civilian in character and can in no way be defined as legitimate military targets.

In Blue Nile State, while the number of air strikes on civilian settlements was also significantly lower than was recorded in January (down from 16 to 5), the attacks nonetheless continued throughout the period of the peace talks, with monitors on the ground documenting five air strikes on civilian settlements in Wadaka and Uabos districts of Kurmok County between 12 and 24 February.  Although no civilians were killed in these attacks, they nonetheless caused widespread property damage and population displacement.

Read more.

Human Rights Update: Update on the impact of aerial bombardment in Southern Kordofan and Blue Nile: January 2014

January 2014 saw no respite in the number of bombing attacks launched against civilians in Southern Kordofan, with monitors on the ground documenting the third highest number of air strikes recorded since the current conflict began in 2011. The intensity of the attacks was particularly high in the first half of the month, although it dropped noticeably in the second half of the month, with only three attacks reported between 15 and 31 January.

 In the second half of January, however, an increased number of bombings were documented in Blue Nile. Human rights monitors on the ground in Blue Nile reported a total of 15 air strikes launched by the Sudanese air force on civilian areas in the areas they monitor over the month of January, the highest number since they began reporting in April 2013.

 Read more.

Human Rights Update: The Impact of Aerial Bombing of Civilian Settlements in Southern Kordofan and Blue Nile States, Republic of Sudan: January 2014

With international community’s attention focused on unfolding events in South Sudan, President Bashir of Sudan has taken the opportunity to a launch a major military offensive against the armed opposition forces who have controlled significant areas of Sudan’s Southern Kordofan and Blue Nile States since they took up arms against the Khartoum government in 2011.

As an integral part of this offensive, the Sudanese Air Force has stepped up its aerial bombardment of the civilian population who live in these opposition-held territories, with December seeing the highest number of bombing attacks on populated areas - and the highest number of civilian casualties - since the current conflict in Southern Kordofan began over two and a half years ago.

Read the full report here.
In Arabic.

Human Rights Update: The Impact of Aerial Bombing of Civilian Settlements in Southern Kordofan: November 2013

During October 2013, the Sudanese Air Force dropped at least 40 bombs in 11 separate attacks carried out against civilian areas in Southern Kordofan.

Since the conflict began in June 2012, the effect of such targeting has been both to destroy substantial amounts of newly planted and/or mature crops, but, more significantly, to deter farmers from cultivating their fields at critical times during the crop cycle, for fear of being killed or injured in an air attack.

Whilst the civilian population in Southern Kordofan has developed its own protection strategies to mitigate the effects of these air attacks (including digging “foxholes” in which they can seek shelter) significant numbers of civilians continue to be killed or injured in these attacks, and indeed the number killed is increasing.

Read the full update.

Human Rights Update: The Impact of Aerial Bombing of Civilian Settlements in Southern Kordofan: October 2013

During September 2013 the number of air strikes launched by the Sudanese government against the civilian population in Southern Kordofan showed a marked increase when compared with August.

This increase in attacks is consistent with patterns observed since the conflict in Southern Kordofan began in 2011, whereby the Sudanese government has previously intensified up its attacks on the civilian population in opposition-held areas to coincide with the approach of the harvesting season.

Read the full update.

Human Rights Update: The Impact of Aerial Bombing of Civilian Settlements in Southern Kordofan: September 2013

As the African Union Peace and Security Council prepares to meet in New York on 23 September to consider the situation in Sudan, conflict continues in Southern Kordofan for the third consecutive year. Civilians continue to suffer from indiscriminate bombardment. As noted by the Sudan Consortium its August 2013 Human Rights Update, there was an increase in attacks on the fertile land of Delami County during the planting season, which may exacerbate the high levels of food insecurity which the population is already experiencing.

 These serious attacks continued in August. On consecutive Sundays during mid-August 2013, the Sudanese Air Force carried out two separate bombing attacks on villages in Heiban and Um Dorein Counties in Southern Kordofan.

 Read the full update.

Human Rights Update: Southern Kordofan State, Sudan: August 2013

(August 2013) This update is intended as the first in a series of monthly updates to be produced by the Sudan Consortium in cooperation with local human rights monitors on the ground to highlight ongoing violations of human rights and international humanitarian law in the region.

 In the six week period from 1 June to 15 July, the Sudanese Air Force and Sudanese Armed Forces bombed and shelled civilian areas in Southern Kordofan. During the reporting period, the Sudanese Air Force systematically bombed civilian settlements in opposition-held areas of Heiban, Al Buram, Kadugli and Um Dorein Counties in Southern Kordofan. The Sudanese Armed Forces also shelled populated areas in Al Buram and Um Dorein.

 Local human rights monitors working in Southern Kordofan documented more than 50 such attacks during the reporting period, with the majority of attacks being bombing raids carried out by Antonov bomber aircraft. These aircraft drop large, crudely constructed, and unguided bombs from high altitude – relying on methods and means of delivery which are inherently indiscriminate.

 As a result of these attacks, ten civilians (including seven children and one woman) were killed, and 25 were injured during the reporting period. According to the monitors who documented these attacks, all the locations where these casualties occurred were clearly identifiable as being civilian in character, were not being used for military purposes and did not represent legitimate military targets.

 Read the full update.

 ** Warning some of the photos in this briefing are disturbing***

Local communities document deliberate targeting of civilians through aerial bombardment in Southern Kordofan

(Addis Ababa, 23 May 2013) A briefing by a group of local monitors circulated today by the Sudan Consortium alleges that civilians are being directly and deliberately targeted by the Sudanese armed forces in Southern Kordofan.

Distributed as preparations gear up for the arrival of Heads of State in Ethiopia for the 10th Anniversary celebrations of the African Union, the briefing remindsthe African Union that ongoing conflict, violence, and humanitarian and human rights crises in Sudan require their continued engagement.

Along with photographs taken by monitors in the aftermath of the incidents described, the briefing documents a series of bombing attacks in Southern Kordofan in late 2012/early 2013, with the most recent taking place on 19 March 2013.

Read the full press release.

Read the full briefing note.

**Warning some of the photos in the briefing are disturbing**

December 17, 2009

Implications of the African Court of Human and Peoples' Rights being empowered to try international crimes such as genocide, crimes against humanity and war crimes - an opion. Signed on by the Darfur Consortium.

Read the report here.
Press release

July 28, 2009

World Pushing Darfur Peacekeeping Operation to Brink of Failure

New report finds peacekeepers lacking support and failing to protect civilians

(KAMPALA, July 28) The failure of world leaders to keep their promises on peacekeeping has condemned millions of Darfurians to more fear and suffering, without protection from violence, according to a new report released today by the Darfur Consortium, a coalition of more than 50 African and international human rights and civil society organisations. 

The report, Putting People First: The Protection Challenge Facing UNAMID in Darfur, reviews the performance of the Darfur peacekeeping force (UNAMID) in the six months since it was deployed. Based on interviews with Darfurians, experts and aid workers, it depicts a force hamstrung by lack of equipment, training and uniformed personnel, and by its own shortcomings, and concludes that many Darfurians feel no safer than they did before the force arrived.

Read the full press release.

Read the full press release in French.

Read the full report Putting People First: The Protection Challenge Facing UNAMID in Darfur.

Darfur Consortium members urge stronger international action in support of UNAMID

(New York, December 19, 2007) Several members of the Darfur Consortium were today among 35 NGOs who issued a joint report detailing how the government of Sudan has been obstructing deployment of the joint AU-UN hybrid force in Darfur (UNAMID). The report points out that UNAMID is being set up to fail and calls on the international community, and in particular the Security Council, to take stronger action to ensure that UNAMID is able to deploy effectively.

Read the full report.

Ensuring accountability and protection of civilians in Darfur

Next steps for the Darfur Consortium

(October 4, 2005) This report reflects discussions held with members of the Consortium in June and July 2005 over the next steps for promoting peace and justice in Darfur. It offers both an analysis of the current situations and suggestions for advocacy by NGOs.

Read the full report.



African Voices


Action Professionals Association for the People

Aegis Trust Rwanda

African Centre for Democracy and Human Rights Studies

African Center for Development

African Center for Justice and Peace Studies

Africa Internally Displaced Persons Voice (Africa IDP Voice)

African Security Dialogue and Research (ASDR)

African Women's Development and Communications Network (FEMNET)

The Ahueni Foundation

Alliances for Africa

Amman Centre for Human Rights Studies

Andalus Institute for Tolerance

Anti-Slavery International

Arab Coalition for Darfur

Arab Program for Human Rights Activists

Association Africaine de Defense des Droits de l'Homme (ASADHO)

Cairo Institute for Human Rights Studies

Centre for Minority Rights Development (CEMIRIDE)

Centre for Research Education and Development of Freedom of Expression and Associated Rights (CREDO)

Citizens for Global Solutions

Conscience International

Conseil National Pour les Libertés en Tunisie

Darfur Alert Coalition (DAC)

Darfur Centre for Human Rights and Development

Darfur Leaders Network (DLN)

Darfur Reconciliation and Development Organization (DRDO)

Darfur Relief and Documentation Centre

East Africa Law Society

Egyptian Organization for Human Rights

Femmes Africa Solidarité

La Fédération Internationale des Droits de l'Homme (FIDH)

Forum of African Affairs (FOAA)

Human Rights First

Human Rights Institute of South Africa (HURISA)

Institute for Human Rights and Development in Africa

Institute for Security Studies

Inter-African Union for Human Rights (UIDH)


International Commission of Jurists (ICJ Kenya)

International Refugee Rights Initiative

Justice Africa

Justice and Peace Commission

Lawyers for Human Rights

Lebanese Association for Democratic Elections

Legal Resources Consortium-Nigeria

Ligue Tunisienne des Droits de l'Homme

Makumira University College, Tumaini University

Media Foundation for West Africa (MFWA)

Minority Rights Group

National Association of Seadogs

Never Again International

Open Society Justice Initiative

Pan-African Movement


Rencontre Africaine Pour la Defense des Droits de l'Homme (RADDHO)

Sierra Leone STAND Chapter

Sisters' Arabic Forum for Human Rights (SAF)

Socio-Economic Rights and Accountability Project (SERAP)

Sudan Organization Against Torture (SOAT)

Syrian Organization for Human Rights

Unitarian Universalist Service Committee (UUSC)

Universal Human Rights Network


Women Initiative Nigeria (WIN)

©2007 Darfur Consortium. Design by Deirdre Reznik