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Sudan Consortium Action:


HUDO: Update on the Al Sanadra Trial 22

(20 June 2018) One of the two scheduled court sessions was conducted on 6th June 2018 at Khartoum North court before Justice/ Abdeen Hamid Dhahi. The prosecutor was not present in court but all the other parties attended. Court was adjourned to 27th and 28th June 2018.

Read the full report in English or Arabic.


SKBN CU: Humanitarian Update May 2018

(19 June 2018)

  • Food stock levels lower in Blue Nile than in 2017.
  • Food prices likely to continue rising due to fuel crisis in Sudan.
  • The Emergency Relief Coordinator, Mark Lowcock, stressed the need for unhindered humanitarian access, including to areas controlled by non-state armed groups, during his visit to Sudan in May.

Read the full report in English or Arabic.


HUDO: Sanadra Trial: Update 21

(3 June 2018) The four court sessions were scheduled for 22nd, 23rd, 29th and 30th May 2018 respectively. Only two of them were took place and the other two were postponed because the defendants’ panel failed to bring their witnesses. The court sessions were held at Khartoum North court before Justice/ Abdeen Hamid Dhahi and apart from the prosecutor all other parties attended. Court was adjourned to 5th and 6th June 2018.

Read the full report here in English or here in Arabic.


NHRMO: Human Rights Update: September 2017 – February 2018

(25 April 2018) The absence of aerial bombardments and ground fighting has brought relief to the people of South Kordofan and Blue Nile but incidents of cattle looting by armed militias continue in the midst of serious drought, malnutrition and hunger.

Read the full report.


SKBN CU: Humanitarian Update

(April 16, 2018) This update highlights two points:

- The 2017 harvest, although better than last year, has not improved overall food security in the conflict areas.

- A joint assessment in March to Wadaka Payam, Blue Nile, revealed that displaced people rely on roots to survive and lack basic services.

Read the full update in English or Arabic.


ACJPS: Human Rights Violations in South Kordofan

(11 April 2018) The African Centre of Justice and Peace Studies (ACJPS) documented human rights violations associated with attacks on civilians that occurred in South Kodofan from January to March 2018. The Military Intelligence has continued to target civilians with arbitrary arrest and detention on basis of their perceived political affiliation with the Sudan People's Liberation Movement-North. ACJPS also documented the rape, at gun point, of a 20 year old by an officer of the Sudan Armed Forces and the killing of three civilians by two soldiers of the Sudan People's Liberation Movement - North.

Read the full statement.


SKBN CU Coordination Unit: Humanitarian Update February 2018

(February 2018) Clashes in Blue Nile between the two SPLM-N faction. Reports have been received of clashes on 17, 22, and 29 February with displacement of at least 500 households.

A substantial food gap is predicted in the Two Areas with projections for the coming lean season suggesting food stock will only last through April in South Kordofan and through March in Blue Nile.

Read the full report.


SKBN Coordination Unit: Humanitarian Update January 2018

(February 16, 2018) Projections for the coming leans season suggest food stocks from the ongoing harvest will last through April in South Kordofan and through March in Blue Nile. This leaves a substantial gap as the next harvest would begin, at earliest, in August.
• There remains little to no access to basic pediatric care or medical supplies in both South Kordofan and Blue Nile, putting the child population at elevated risk of death from treatable diseases.
• Schools in Blue Nile were not able to resume in October along their typical calendar. By January only schools in Yabus payam were functioning.
• Tensions remain high in Blue Nile. While active conflict has greatly subsided, mediation between parties to the conflict is needed to ensure stability and provide access for humanitarians.

Read the full update.


NHRMO: Civilian views in the Nuba Mountains about Humanitarian Access

(5 February 2018) This document is based on the reports received from human rights monitors in different counties of Nuba Mountains, Southern Kordofan state, Sudan which indicate that the civilians in the areas controlled by the Sudan People's Liberation Movement/Army--North (SPLM/A-N) are suffering from lack of food, shelter, medicine and water, as well as basic social services like health care and education, among other needs.

Read the full statement.


South Kordofan: Students from Aldalang University arbitrarily arrested after SAF officer shot two students to death

(18 January 2018) The African Centre of Justice and Peace Studies (ACJPS) is concerned for the safety and well-being of students from Aldalang University in South Kordofan who have been arbitrarily arrested after joint security forces (National Intelligence and Security Services, Military Intelligence, Sudan Armed Forces and Police) raided the university following a student protest staged after an officer of the Sudan Armed Forces indiscriminately shot and killed two students on the university campus. At least 49 students were detained during the raid. ACJPS has serious concerns for the five students currently detained incommunicado at the Military Intelligence offices in Aldalang.

Read the full report.


HUDO: Release of Hafiz Musa after Six Months in Detention

(14 November 2017) On the evening of 7 November 2017, Hafiz Musa Alnour was released from NISS custody in Kadugli. The conditions of his release are not known.

Read the full press release in English or Arabic.


SKBN CU Humanitarian Update

(October 2017) Food security remains a major challenge due to the shortage of farmland caused by the military frontlines, and the terraced agriculture is now showing signs of social deficiency and stunted crop growth; a significant number of farms (21) and pastoral land were reported destroyed by fire along frontlines in South Kordofan; new details from Kaw and Warni suggest the shrinking population faces a dire humanitarian situation; schools have reopened in South Kordofan, not in Blue Nile, but lack of school fees, school material and teachers' incentives remain a major obstacle for a quality education.

Read the full report.


US lifts sanctions on Sudan despite opposition from Sudanese in the Nuba Mountains

(October 2017) The United States (US) permanently lifted a two-decade set of sanctions against Sudan on 12 October 2017, meaning that the US-trade embargo against Sudan and the freeze of its assets in the US is removed. It is a big achievement for Sudan as it can now re-enter the global financial system where it had been isolated for 20 years. However, Sudan stays on the US list for state sponsors of terrorism although the US said that the country had made progress in fighting terrorism.

Read the full statement here.


SKBN CU Humanitarian Update: September 2017

(September 2017) Blue Nile continues to face a dire humanitarian situation with thousands displaced by violence and flooding. Initial estimates put the number of internally displaced around 27,000, over a third of the population. • Heavy rains and displacement threatens the 2018 harvest in Blue Nile, creating a very poor food security outlook. • Active fighting and human rights concerns continue in and around Blue Nile, more assistance is badly needed to address the ongoing conflict. • New details from Kaw and Warni suggest the shrinking population faces a dire humanitarian situation.

Read the full update.


SKBN CU Humanitarian Update: August 2017

(25 September 2017) Critical level of immediate and chronic malnutrition, well exceeding WHO emergency thresholds, were captured in a recent SMART survey in South Kordofan. SAM levels in the Western Jebels were up to 9.3%. It is clear that children are facing the harshest consequences of the protracted war. Severe food insecurity reached 39% for households in Blue Nile in July, with 11% classified at highest possible level in the Household Hunger Scale.

The CU has visited refugees in Maban from 18 to 22nd of August and spoken with newly arrivals from the conflict areas. Since the beginning of the conflict (end of May), refugees are divided between the camps along ethnic lines. Engagement with the refugees highlighted serious protection concerns as violence against civilians was allegedly exerted by both parties to the conflict. Increasing tribal divisions are affecting the stability of the camps and there is a growing risk of further attacks between the communities living in the camps. Insecurity in Maban in relation to the South Sudanese conflict is posing an additional threat to the security of refugees from Blue Nile and hindering their access to assistance..

For the full report, click here.


HUDO: Arrest of family members by military intelligence in Umbrambeta of Sudan

(31 August 2017) On 4th July 2017, Mr. Shamsoun Tubra, his wife/ Hawa and his sister/ Khameesa were arrested by MI in Umbrambeta. The arrest was in line of their displacement from SPLA-N territory to the governmental territory. They have been arrested and denied access to lawyers contact and detained in bad conditions.

Please find full press release here in English and Arabic.


HUDO Centre releases Southern Kordofan/Blue Nile six-month human rights report

(27 August 2017) Since June 2011 to present time South Kordufan/ Nuba Mountains and Blue Nile states of Sudan have undergone through conflict. This resulted in many atrocities and different human rights violations intensified by the state of emergency that was declared by Sudan government. The government of Sudan (GoS) later formed the Rapid Support Forces (RSF) a replica of Janjaweed militia. The GoS equipped the RSF with more destructive equipment and enlarged their field of work to include the two states (SK and BN) in addition to Darfur.

The aim of this report is to bring to light the human rights violations and abuses taking place in SK and BN states (government territory) of Sudan and the situation of Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) from the two states, from January to June 2017. The information included in this report was gathered by trained human rights monitors using information gathering tools developed under the tutorage of Human Rights Capacity Building Program of Amnesty International - Netherlands (HURICAP/ AI-NL) and compiled by trained reporting panel. The report does not cover all incidents that occurred due to many challenges.

For the full report, click here.


SKBN CU Humanitarian Update

(July 2017) Blue Nile continues to face conflict, further destabilizing a population in critical need of humanitarian assistance. • A recent SMART Survey in South Kordofan depicts critical malnutrition, with some metrics exceeding the WHO emergency threshold. • Food security remains a major challenge in both areas with the coming harvest not yet ready. Markets reportedly have limited food at very high costs and the population continues to depend on extreme coping mechanisms. • Flooding and sporadic rains affect both areas, with temporary flooding related displacements reported and the potential for diminished agricultural yields with long dry spells followed by short heavy rains.

Read the full update.


SKBN CU Humanitarian updates: April-June

The Sudan Consortium has released human rights updates for the SOuthern Kordofan/Blue Nile region for April, May, and June.


Crackdown on media freedoms, May – July 2017

(14 August 2017) The African Centre for Justice and Peace Studies (ACJPS) has documented a surge in restrictions on media freedoms in Sudan between late May and mid July 2017. There is an immediate concern for the safety of three Sudanese online bloggers resident in Saudi Arabia deported to Khartoum at the behest of the Sudanese government on 11 July. The whereabouts of the three men remain unknown and family members have been unable to obtain confirmation of their detention or wellbeing from relevant Sudanese authorities. A number of other journalists were summoned and interrogated by the National Intelligence and Security Services (NISS) in connection with articles they wrote, and the NISS prevented the distribution of five newspapers after publication.

Criminal charges leveled against journalists in Sudan often lack legitimacy and unduly restrict the right to freedom of expression. The use of defamation legislation is often used to curb the criticism of officials and to encourage self-censorship.

For the full report, click here.


Sudan: Human rights defenders detained, could face death penalty

Sudanese authorities have been unjustly holding Dr. Mudawi Ibrahim Adam, Hafiz Idris, and Mobarak Adam Abdalla, three human rights defenders, and have charged them with 'crimes against the state' which carry the death penalty, 26 human rights groups said today. Dr. Mudawi Ibahim Adam and Hafiz Idris have been held for approximately seven months, and Mobarak Adam Abdalla for over three months.

Sudanese national security officials arrested Mudawi and Hafiz on December 7 and November 24, respectively, and held both men in detention in Khartoum for over five months without charges. Mobarak, a student, was arrested on 25 March 2017. Credible sources report that Hafiz and Mobarak were severely beaten, and that Hafiz was given electric shocks and forced to make a confession. Dr. Mudawi has been denied essential medication. All three men are currently being held in Kober prison.

IRRI joined with over 30 other organizations and prominent individuals in signing a petition drafted by SUDO (UK). The petition demands that the government of Sudan guarantee the safety and physical and psychological well-bring of all detainees, and to immediately release Mudawi, Hafiz, and Mobarak and all other human rights defenders detained on trumped up political charges. TShould a trial proceed, the petition also affirms the rights of Mudawi, Hafiz and Mobarak to a fair trial before an impartial, independent, and competent tribunal.

Read the full petition here.


Human Rights Update: March through May 2017
While airstrikes have eased, the Sudanese Armed Forces and the government sponsored Popular Defence Forces militia continue to breach ceasefire through violent looting incursions into SPLA/M-N controlled areas of Southern Kordofan.

The months of March, April and May 2017 were still under the ceasefire agreement which began last year and all incidents reported here constitute a breach of the ceasefire. A four month unilateral ceasefire was first declared by Sudanese President Omar Al Bashir on 17 June 2016 and extended in October to the end of 2016. Following the partial lifting of sanctions on Sudan by the US in January 2017, the ceasefire was extended by another six months.

Due to the ongoing ceasefire, the situation in Southern Kordofan (SK) and Blue Nile (BN) states has been relatively calm, by the area’s standards, mainly as a result of the lack of aerial bombardment of civilian areas. However, this period has been characterised by the looting of livestock (i.e. goats, sheep and cattle) in SK, undermining peoples’ livelihoods at a time of drought and ensuing food insecurity. Almost every household in SK has livestock and while only richer households hold cattle, most others will hold 30-70 goats and 20-40 sheep. The poorer households will have much less. Unfortunately, whenever there is looting all animals that are owned by the household(s) concerned are taken.

Read the latest update.


Human Rights Update: December 2016, January and February 2017
SAF and PDF breach the ceasefire: attacks on civilians persist despite the lifting of sanctions on Sudan

The Sudan Consortium has been working with a group of trusted local Sudanese partners who have been monitoring human rights violations committed against the civilian population in Southern Kordofan and Blue Nile since the current conflict began in 2011.

Their information provides strong evidence that civilians are being directly and deliberately targeted by the Sudanese government in Southern Kordofan and Blue Nile as all the attacks referred to in this report were launched against areas that were clearly identifiable as civilian in character.

The period from December 2016 to the end of February 2017 was under ceasefire and all incidents that are reported in this document constituted a breach of the ceasefire. A four month unilateral ceasefire was first declared by Sudanese President Omar Al Bashir, on 17 June 2016, and extended in October to the end of 2016. Following the partial lifting of sanctions on Sudan by the USA, Sudan extended the ceasefire by another six months.

Read the full account of violations.


Human Rights Update: October-November 2016

During the months of October and November 2016 incidents of human rights violations in Southern Kordofan (SK) seemed to be on the rise following a lull in the fighting over the previous few months and the humanitarian situation continued to deteriorate. There were nine shelling incidents, generating 89 shells, one looting incident, one bombing incident and one abduction, with three people injured. The shelling incidents created a lot of fear among the population, discouraging some from going to the fields. Antonov planes have been seen circling several times in both SK and Blue Nile (BN) states but our monitors did not report any incidents in BN during the period. All incidents mentioned in this report constitute a breach of the four month unilateral ceasefire declared by the President of Sudan, Omar Al Bashir, on 17 June 2016, and extended in October to the end of 2016.

Read the full report.


Impact of the conflict in Sudan’s Southern Kordofan on children

In many conflicts around the world children are not safe. As the former UN Secretary-General's Expert on the Impact of Armed Conflict on Children noted “[n]ot only are large numbers of children killed and injured…but countless others grow up deprived of their material and emotional needs, including the structures that give meaning to social and cultural life. The entire fabric of their societies – their homes, schools, health systems and religious institutions – is torn to pieces.” The ongoing conflicts in Sudan’s Southern Kordofan, Blue Nile and Darfur states are no exception.

Read the full report.


Human Rights Update: May 2016

Children again the unacceptable victims of the conflict

Attacks against civiliand in Southern Kordofan and Blue Nile (also known as the "Two Areas") continued in May, albeit at a reduced rate compared to incidents reported during the previous two months. Our monitors recorded a total of 29 incidents in the Two Areas with the majority of them (20 out of the 29) taking place in Southern Kordofan's Heiban County resulting in the deaths of six children from a single incident.

Read the full report.


SKBNCU Monthly Humanitarian Update: May 2016

The May 2016 humanitarian update includes the following:

- Aerial bombings continued in Blue Nile and Nuba Mountains, allowing for a build up of additional ground troops. 185 bombs fell suring the period with some targeting civilian infrastructure such as schools and villages;

-A predicted, with poor harvests from the 2015-6 season, household food stocks are diminishing earlier than normal whilst sorghum prices remain significantly higher than the same time last year.

Read the full update here. See also a map of displacement in Blue Nile.


Human Rights Update: April 2016

Incidents slightly decrease but casualities increase. The impact of the conflict on children was particularly marked

(2 August 2016) The Government of Sudan (GoS) continued its “summer offensive” in April 2016 characterised by two major trends. Firstly, it continued with the ground offensive it began in March 2016, pressing hard against the Sudan People’s Liberation Army-North (SPLA-N) particularly in the counties of Heiban, Delami and Umdorien. Secondly, it tried to consolidate its positions in the villages it had captured from SPLA-N, namely Alazrag village (in Heiban County) and Mardis village (in Delami County).

Read the full report.



Human Rights Update: March 2016

New offensive produces near record number of incidents

Since the current crisis broke out in 2011, human rights abuses in Southern Kordofan (SK) and Blue Nile (BN) states have continued. In March 2016, incidents of attacks of civilians increased dramatically. More than twice as many attacks were monitored as a new government of Sudan offensive took new territory and the number of attacks on civilians increased to the second highest since we started monitoring. During the month, the Sudanese government captured Alazrag village (in Alazrag Payam) and Mardis village (in Delami County) from the SPLA-N. They also captured Agab village (in Heiban County) and Karkarai village (in Umdorien County), but these were retaken by the SPLA-N. The level of tension and insecurity continues to increase and people are being forced to flee their homes and take shelter in caves and other places. This report documents those human right abuses committed against the civilian population of SK during the month of March 2016.

Read the full report.



Human Rights Update: January - February 2016

In January 2016, attacks against civilians in Southern Kordofan (SK) continued. Although there were less attacks than the same period last year, the monitors verified 13 incidents altogether, including three shellings (all in Dilling County), four extra-judicial killings, one abduction, one injury due to a gunshot and one random shooting, three lootings and two incidents of ground fighting. Five people were killed and three injured in these attacks. At least 122 rockets fell in SK in January 2016, but no bombardments were reported in SPLM-N controlled areas.

In February 2016, the Government of Sudan (GoS) specifically targeted Delami County in SK. Twenty eight incidents were reported by the monitors during the month, of which 85% took place in Delami County. The remaining attacks were in Umdorein. At least 74 bombs were dropped and 78 rockets landed resulting in the death of one person and injury to seven others, including three children.

Read the full report.


Humanitarian Update - February 2016

While the government dry season offensive has not begun in the Two Areas, despite a significant repositioning of troops and isolated fighting, incidents of aerial bombardment and shelling intensified. The major areas affected are Dallami county in South Kordofan and Kurmuk county in Blue Nile. As a result, 3 people died and 7 were injured. The intensity of violence however is significantly less than that last year in the same period.

Read the full update.


Humanitarian Update - January 2016

The resumption of ground hostilities followed by a new wave of aerial bombardment, shelling and attacks against civilians, led to a quick deterioration of the security situation in the Two Areas in January 2016. At least 11 poeple, including a child, were reportedly killed by government militias in South Kordofan.

In Blue Nile, humanitarian monitors reported 18 incidents of bombing. As a result, 3,060 people were displaced in Kurmuk county, 4 people were injured, including 1 child, and 27 farms destroyed. In South Kordofan, government troops build up in Heiban, Talodi and El Abassiya led to a general deterioration of security levels for the population with an increasing number of attacks against civilians by government militias.

Read the full update.


Humanitarian Update - December 2015

The end of the rainy season has brought with it an increase of aerial attacks and shelling on an already exhausted population, killing one person. Two aerial attacks were reported in Khor Tombak, South Sudan, close to the border with Blue Nile, killing a 14 year-old girl and injuring 5 people. Clashes between government forces and the SPLM/A-N are expected to intensify in the coming months. Incidents of cattle raiding in South Kordofan have resumed. As a result, three people were killed allegedly by government militias, while at least 304 heads of cattle were looted.

Read the full update.


Assessment of EU statements on Sudan and their reference to the conflict in South Kordofan and Blue Nile, protection of civilians and the use of aerial bombardments 2012-2015

The goal of this research was to see if the EU has taken any position over the past years on the conflict in South Kordofan and Blue Nile, condemning the aerial bombardments by the Government of Sudan (GoS) on civilians and calling for the protection of civilians.

Different type of statements have been researched, such as council conclusions, declaration by the High Representative (HR) on behalf of the EU, statements from the EU HR, statements by the spokesperson of the HR and press releases/statements by the EU delegation in Khartoum.

Read the full report.


Human Rights Update: September-October 2015
Despite a ceasefire bombings of civilians continue

In the last two months, attacks against civilians in Southern Kordofan (SK) and Blue Nile (BN) have continued though at a reduced scale compared to this year’s high of 65 attacks in May. There was, however, a five-fold increase in the number of attacks in September 2015 as compared with September 2014. The slight decrease is likely to be as a result of the annual decrease due to the rainy season. A two month ceasefire was declared in September to enable peace talks. Whilst the ceasefire has clearly not been respected by the government of Sudan (GoS), it may have contributed to reducing the number of bombings.

Although the GoS’s agreement to resume talks, the first in a year, with SPLM-N in November was a positive development, they were suspended again very shortly afterwards following a deadlock on discussions around humanitarian aid.

Read the full update.


Humanitarian Update: October 2015

Ground fighting in the Blue Nile Ingessana Mountains, and aerial bombardment and shelling in South Kordofan, continued during the reporting period, even if on a smaller scale. Aerial attacks were directed mainly towards civilian locations and cultivated farms. There are increasing reports of SAF attempts to burn crops at the far farms in Dalami county.

With evidence on the ground indicating that both parties are preparing for a new season of fighting, the humanitarian conditions of the people in the Two Areas are expected to deteriorate even further in the coming months. A recent compilation of Nuba reports has documented nearly 4,000 aerial attacks on civilians just the last three years in South Kordofan.

Read more.


Humanitarian Update: September 2015

Pockets of population in the Two Areas are facing severe levels of food insecurity, mainly due to late and poor rainfall, which compounds difficulties to produce and access food in the war torn areas. Specifically, in the payams of Chali and Wadaka in Kurmuk county, Blue Nile, the early crops have failed leaving a hunger gap of at least four months for around 30,000 people. Areas in As-Sunut and Dilling in Western Jebel region and in Toobo A, Dallami and Western Kadugli in central parts of of South Kordofan are also experiencing critical food security levels. Cases of death due to malnutrition from the Koma Ganza (Blue Nile) and Kao-Nyaro-Warni (South Kordofan) areas have been already reported by this Unit. An estimated 90,000 people are now considered at risk of a localised famine, and more deaths are expected if immediate assistance is not provided to these populations. In Blue Nile, the number of people facing severe levels of food insecurity is more than half of the entire population living under SPLM/A-N control.

Read the full report.


Human Rights Update: July-August 2015
Bombings continue despite onset of the rainy season

(15 October 2015) In the two last months, the situation continued to deteriorate in Southern Kordofan (SK) and Blue Nile (BN). In July and August 2015, attacks against civilians in the two areas continued although on a reduced scale from the previous months as a result of the rainy season, which is generally associated with a reduction in the number of attacks. There was, however, a substantial increase in the number of attacks as compared with the previous rainy season. The total number of attacks recorded over the two month period, 34, was more than double the number reported in the same period in 2014.

In July, the dropping of 11 cluster bombs was reported in Umdorein and Tobo (Al Buram) counties. As mentioned in our June 2015 report, due to their inherently indiscriminate nature cluster munition is banned by the Convention on Cluster Munition (CCM) endorsed in 2008. Sudan is not a party to the convention, but there is increasing international consensus that use of these weapons is unacceptable. In total, attacks by the government of Sudan (GoS) on civilians over the last two months injured two women, killed 11 animals and injured eight, damaged two huts, one house and seven shelters and destroyed three farms and four shelters.

Read the full report.


Human Rights Update - June 2015: Eight cluster bombs fall in Umdorein County

After four years of conflict in Southern Kordofan (SK) and Blue Nile (BN), civilians continue to be heavily affected by aerial bombardment and ground fighting carried out by the Sudanese government. Since the beginning of the war, civilians have been displaced on a massive scale, injured, killed, detained or abducted in SK and BN. Moreover, the government of Sudan continues to deny independent humanitarian access increasing the suffering and the vulnerability of civilians leaving in the Two Areas.

In June 2015, with the beginning of the rainy season, the number of attacks carried out by the Sudanese government in SK decreased significantly, with fewer than half as many incidents reported in June 2015 as compared to May 2015, and nearly a quarter of the number reported in June 2014. However, even despite the significant decrease in bombings, sadly June 2015 saw the same number of casualties as June 2014.

Read more.


Human Rights Update - May 2015:Over 7,000 civilians displaced and 347 homes destroyed in 65 attacks

The government of Sudan’s (GoS) military offensive against opposition forces of the Sudanese People’s Liberation Movement-North (SPLM-N) in Southern Kordofan intensified significantly during May 2015, as the government attempted to gain ground ahead the coming rainy season. This follows the same pattern seen in previous years, our monitors recorded 65 attacks in SPLM-N controlled areas in May. This represented a 14% increase over last month, and a 25% increase over May 2014. Of particular concern in this month has been a significant increase in ground attacks, which often cause significant displacement. In total from January to May 2015, 200 verified incidents were registered, killing 39 civilians and injuring 148 persons.

Read more.


Human Rights Update: April 2015
Deadly attacks in Southern Kordofan as Sudan votes

As Sudanese in Khartoum and other parts of the country went to the polls on 13-16 April civilians in Southern Kodorfan were not only excluded from the vote, they faced continuing government attacks. Over the three days of the elections, civilians faced 12 separate aerial bombardments and shelling attacks. The grim situation in Southern Kordofan is a grim reminder of the lack of credibility of the elections.

Read more.


Human Rights Update: February - March 2015

(9 April 2015) As elections in Sudan approach in April 2015, the conflict in Southern Kordofan is being drawn in to the political debate. President Bashir had promised that all wars would be ended by the end of 2014 and that the elections would be held in a peaceful environment. The continuation of the war, among other factors, is undermining international confidence in the elections. At the same time, rebels have threatened to stop the elections in Southern Kordofan and have claimed that their recent offensives have been undertaken in an effort to support election boycotts.

Read the full update.


Humanitarian Crisis in Sudan’s Two Areas and Darfur: March 2015

For civilians in many parts of Sudan, 2015 has already brought rising hostilities, mass displacement, and a deepening food crisis. The conditions are such that hundreds of civilians are fleeing across the Sudanese border to refugee camps in Unity State, where South Sudan’s civil war is still raging. They have made the judgement that the risks of remaining in Sudan, where they would continue to be subjected to intense aerial bombardment and shelling of civilian areas, and unsustainable livelihoods, were greater than any risks they might encounter in the conflict zone across the border.

Civilians in the ‘Two Areas’ – Southern Kordofan and Blue Nile – have suffered from nearly four years of uninterrupted conflict that has internally displaced 1.7 million people, roughly half of the population. Meanwhile, the conflict in Darfur has thus far internally displaced 2.5 million, and has resulted in over 4.4 million civilians requiring humanitarian assistance, a level rarely exceeded in the history of the twelve year conflict. Both conflicts have seen civilians systematically targeted with regular reporting of killing, rape, destruction of property and community infrastructure, and loss of livelihoods.

Read the full briefing:
In English, in Arabic


Human Rights Update: December 2014 – January 2015

During the months of December 2014 and January 2015, Southern Kordofan (SK) saw a significant increase in the number of bombings and shellings, indicating that the dry season offensive continues to escalate. The number of bombings in December was almost double the number recorded in November, and in January the number increased further. Although the number of attacks was less than the number in the same months a year ago, the number of casualties was higher. The number of deaths more than tripled between November 2014 and January 2015, and in January 2015 alone the number of injuries reached the highest level since the monitoring began.

Not only have the attacks been severe in the number of casualties that they have produced, they have also caused significant property damage, with 49 animals reported killed and dozens of houses destroyed.

Read more.


Human Rights Update: November 2014

In Southern Kordofan, the pattern of increased aerial bombardment, which began in late October, continued. Fifteen incidents of aerial bombardment were recorded in the first 15 days of November alone,1 reinforcing the belief that the increase in attacks is tied to the onset of the dry season. In Blue Nile, a number of bombing of civilian areas were also recorded.

Read more.


Human Rights Update: October 2014

The month of October saw a dramatic fourfold increase from the previous month in bombings in Southern Kordofan, particularly at the end of the month as the rains eased and the dry season approached. A total of 20 bombings were recorded by the monitors, with six bombings recorded in the last five days of the month. 

The bombings in October were concentrated primarily in one geographic area, that of Delami County. Not only did thirteen of the bombing incidents occur there, but six of these incidents targeted just two villages. 

Read more.


Human Rights Update: September 2014

The month of September was relatively calm in Southern Kordofan as the third year anniversary of outbreak of violence in Blue Nile passed. This calm, however, is widely seen as temporary and the continuation of attacks on civilians, statements by the government of Sudan that they are planning to continue offensives in the area and reports of troops massing in Blue Nile are all contributing to a continuing climate of fear.1 The Sudanese Armed Forces and the allied Rapid Support Forces (RSF) remain deployed close to populated areas and many are wary of tending to, and harvesting, their crops for fear of renewed government action.

On 8 September 2014, three rocket shells were fired from the Altamor area at the village of Allabou Fatah in Um Dorein. There were no casualties as a result of the attack, but the shelling did damage farms in the area. On September 29, 2014, there were two bombing incidents in Delami County in Southern Kordofan. The attacks in the villages of Mardis and Umethan did not cause any causalities, but they did damage to farming activity.

Read more.


Human Rights Update: August 2014

Attacks on civilians in opposition held areas of Southern Kordofan and Blue Nile continued in July and August 2014, with five incidents reported in July and eight in August. The attacks killed two people, injured five, killed 60 animals and damaged property and crops.

Refugees from Blue Nile in camps in Maban County, South Sudan were caught up in renewed violence, which caused aid disruptions and widespread fear in the camps.

Read more.


Human Rights Update: June 2014.

Three year anniversary of outbreak of conflict sees highest number of attacks directed against the civilian population of Southern Kordofan

The Government of Sudan’s (GoS) military offensive against opposition forces of the Sudanese People’s Liberation Movement-North (SPLM-N) in Southern Kordofan reached a new level of intensity during June, provoking increased concern over the fate of civilians in those areas.

Between 1 and 22 June, monitors on the ground recorded a total of 1,062 bombs2 and 1,229 artillery/rocket shells landing on or near civilian settlements in Southern Kordofan during the course of 82 separate attacks. This represents the highest number of attacks directed against the civilian population in Southern Kordofan since the conflict began in 2011.

Read more.


Human Rights Update: Concern over Protection of Civilians in Southern Kordofan: May 2014

(June 2014) During the month of May 2014, the government of Sudan (GoS) not only continued the intense military offensive that it began in April, it increased attacks on protected civilian objects, including medical facilities, schools, humanitarian infrastructure and agricultural activities.
Between 26 and 29 May, the Sudanese Air Force launched repeated bombing attacks against the undefended town of Kauda in Heiban County, Southern Kordofan (SK). As well as destroying numerous homes, the attacks caused extensive damage to the headquarters of the main humanitarian NGO operating in SK, and also damaged two schools and a village medical clinic. This represents the most intense sustained aerial bombardment of Kauda and its surrounding villages since the conflict began in 2011.

Read more.


Human Rights Update: The impact of Sudanese military operations on the civilian population of Southern Kordofan: April 2014

In the last week of April, large numbers of civilians were reported to have been displaced from their homes in Delami County, South Kordofan as a result of a major new military offensive launched in Southern Kordofan by the Sudanese Armed Forces (SAF). Although exact numbers are difficult to establish, partners have cited estimates between 45,000 and 70,000.

The government offensive in Southern Kordofan appears to have been concentrated on Rashad, Al Abisseya and Delami counties in the north-east of Southern Kordofan. The situation on the ground remains fluid and information from Rashad and Al Abisseya counties has been difficult to obtain. However the Sudan Consortium’s partners on the ground have been able to report firsthand on the situation in Delami County and have interviewed internally displaced persons (IDPs) fleeing from the fighting further north.

Read more.

Human Rights Update: The Impact of Conflict on Civilians in Southern Kordofan and Blue Nile States: March 2014

During the month of March, the number of attacks in Blue Nile increased significantly, with monitors on the ground reporting 66 bombs dropped on eight villages in 15 separate attacks. In addition, there were disturbing reports of prohibited stocks of anti-personnel landmines being discovered in vehicles captured from Sudanese Armed Forces (SAF) by the Sudan Peoples’ Liberation Army – North (SPLA-N) troops in ground fighting in Blue Nile.

 In Southern Kordofan, although the number of air strikes launched by the Sudanese Air Force against civilians dropped during March, they nonetheless continued at a steady rate with ten bomb attacks recorded in the areas monitored by our partners. A total of four civilians were killed and 13 injured as a result of these attacks. All those killed were children. Another 3 children were injured, along with 4 women. While the number of air attacks decreased in Southern Kordofan during March, there were reports of increased activity on the ground by militia groups associated with the government of Sudan.

Read more.
In Arabic.

Human Rights Update: Update on the Impact of Aerial Bombardment on Civilians: February 2014

Despite the AUHIP-sponsored peace talks that took place between the government of Sudan (GoS) and the SPLM-N between 14 February and 2 March 2014, the GoS did not halt its campaign of air attacks against civilian targets in SPLM-N controlled areas in Southern Kordofan and Blue Nile States. Indeed, during the month of February, the number of civilians killed and injured in Southern Kordofan was the highest recorded by the monitors on the ground since the current conflict began in 2011.

As talks were about to begin, aircraft from the Sudanese Air Force systematically bombarded six villages in Andulu District and in neighbouring Umserndiba on 12 and 13 February 2014. In one particularly egregious incident on 13 February, 13 civilians were killed and 16 injured when Sudanese air force jets fired 28 rockets into the crowded market area of Thorlatiso village in Andulu District, Um Dorein County, Southern Kordofan. The dead included five women, two of whom were pregnant. The attacks on the other five settlements killed 14 and injured 22. The villages that were attacked were entirely civilian in character and can in no way be defined as legitimate military targets.

In Blue Nile State, while the number of air strikes on civilian settlements was also significantly lower than was recorded in January (down from 16 to 5), the attacks nonetheless continued throughout the period of the peace talks, with monitors on the ground documenting five air strikes on civilian settlements in Wadaka and Uabos districts of Kurmok County between 12 and 24 February.  Although no civilians were killed in these attacks, they nonetheless caused widespread property damage and population displacement.

Read more.

Human Rights Update: Update on the impact of aerial bombardment in Southern Kordofan and Blue Nile: January 2014

January 2014 saw no respite in the number of bombing attacks launched against civilians in Southern Kordofan, with monitors on the ground documenting the third highest number of air strikes recorded since the current conflict began in 2011. The intensity of the attacks was particularly high in the first half of the month, although it dropped noticeably in the second half of the month, with only three attacks reported between 15 and 31 January.

 In the second half of January, however, an increased number of bombings were documented in Blue Nile. Human rights monitors on the ground in Blue Nile reported a total of 15 air strikes launched by the Sudanese air force on civilian areas in the areas they monitor over the month of January, the highest number since they began reporting in April 2013.

 Read more.

Human Rights Update: The Impact of Aerial Bombing of Civilian Settlements in Southern Kordofan and Blue Nile States, Republic of Sudan: January 2014

With international community’s attention focused on unfolding events in South Sudan, President Bashir of Sudan has taken the opportunity to a launch a major military offensive against the armed opposition forces who have controlled significant areas of Sudan’s Southern Kordofan and Blue Nile States since they took up arms against the Khartoum government in 2011.

As an integral part of this offensive, the Sudanese Air Force has stepped up its aerial bombardment of the civilian population who live in these opposition-held territories, with December seeing the highest number of bombing attacks on populated areas - and the highest number of civilian casualties - since the current conflict in Southern Kordofan began over two and a half years ago.

Read the full report here.
In Arabic.

Human Rights Update: The Impact of Aerial Bombing of Civilian Settlements in Southern Kordofan: November 2013

During October 2013, the Sudanese Air Force dropped at least 40 bombs in 11 separate attacks carried out against civilian areas in Southern Kordofan.

Since the conflict began in June 2012, the effect of such targeting has been both to destroy substantial amounts of newly planted and/or mature crops, but, more significantly, to deter farmers from cultivating their fields at critical times during the crop cycle, for fear of being killed or injured in an air attack.

Whilst the civilian population in Southern Kordofan has developed its own protection strategies to mitigate the effects of these air attacks (including digging “foxholes” in which they can seek shelter) significant numbers of civilians continue to be killed or injured in these attacks, and indeed the number killed is increasing.

Read the full update.

Human Rights Update: The Impact of Aerial Bombing of Civilian Settlements in Southern Kordofan: October 2013

During September 2013 the number of air strikes launched by the Sudanese government against the civilian population in Southern Kordofan showed a marked increase when compared with August.

This increase in attacks is consistent with patterns observed since the conflict in Southern Kordofan began in 2011, whereby the Sudanese government has previously intensified up its attacks on the civilian population in opposition-held areas to coincide with the approach of the harvesting season.

Read the full update.

Human Rights Update: The Impact of Aerial Bombing of Civilian Settlements in Southern Kordofan: September 2013

As the African Union Peace and Security Council prepares to meet in New York on 23 September to consider the situation in Sudan, conflict continues in Southern Kordofan for the third consecutive year. Civilians continue to suffer from indiscriminate bombardment. As noted by the Sudan Consortium its August 2013 Human Rights Update, there was an increase in attacks on the fertile land of Delami County during the planting season, which may exacerbate the high levels of food insecurity which the population is already experiencing.

 These serious attacks continued in August. On consecutive Sundays during mid-August 2013, the Sudanese Air Force carried out two separate bombing attacks on villages in Heiban and Um Dorein Counties in Southern Kordofan.

 Read the full update.

Human Rights Update: Southern Kordofan State, Sudan: August 2013

(August 2013) This update is intended as the first in a series of monthly updates to be produced by the Sudan Consortium in cooperation with local human rights monitors on the ground to highlight ongoing violations of human rights and international humanitarian law in the region.

 In the six week period from 1 June to 15 July, the Sudanese Air Force and Sudanese Armed Forces bombed and shelled civilian areas in Southern Kordofan. During the reporting period, the Sudanese Air Force systematically bombed civilian settlements in opposition-held areas of Heiban, Al Buram, Kadugli and Um Dorein Counties in Southern Kordofan. The Sudanese Armed Forces also shelled populated areas in Al Buram and Um Dorein.

 Local human rights monitors working in Southern Kordofan documented more than 50 such attacks during the reporting period, with the majority of attacks being bombing raids carried out by Antonov bomber aircraft. These aircraft drop large, crudely constructed, and unguided bombs from high altitude – relying on methods and means of delivery which are inherently indiscriminate.

 As a result of these attacks, ten civilians (including seven children and one woman) were killed, and 25 were injured during the reporting period. According to the monitors who documented these attacks, all the locations where these casualties occurred were clearly identifiable as being civilian in character, were not being used for military purposes and did not represent legitimate military targets.

 Read the full update.

 ** Warning some of the photos in this briefing are disturbing***

Local communities document deliberate targeting of civilians through aerial bombardment in Southern Kordofan

(Addis Ababa, 23 May 2013) A briefing by a group of local monitors circulated today by the Sudan Consortium alleges that civilians are being directly and deliberately targeted by the Sudanese armed forces in Southern Kordofan.

Distributed as preparations gear up for the arrival of Heads of State in Ethiopia for the 10th Anniversary celebrations of the African Union, the briefing remindsthe African Union that ongoing conflict, violence, and humanitarian and human rights crises in Sudan require their continued engagement.

Along with photographs taken by monitors in the aftermath of the incidents described, the briefing documents a series of bombing attacks in Southern Kordofan in late 2012/early 2013, with the most recent taking place on 19 March 2013.

Read the full press release.

Read the full briefing note.

**Warning some of the photos in the briefing are disturbing**




African Voices


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Aegis Trust Rwanda

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African Center for Development

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Africa Internally Displaced Persons Voice (Africa IDP Voice)

African Security Dialogue and Research (ASDR)

African Women's Development and Communications Network (FEMNET)

The Ahueni Foundation

Alliances for Africa

Amman Centre for Human Rights Studies

Andalus Institute for Tolerance

Anti-Slavery International

Arab Coalition for Darfur

Arab Program for Human Rights Activists

Association Africaine de Defense des Droits de l'Homme (ASADHO)

Cairo Institute for Human Rights Studies

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Centre for Research Education and Development of Freedom of Expression and Associated Rights (CREDO)

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Darfur Centre for Human Rights and Development

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Darfur Reconciliation and Development Organization (DRDO)

Darfur Relief and Documentation Centre

East Africa Law Society

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Forum of African Affairs (FOAA)

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Never Again International

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