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Sudan Consortium Action:

Civilian protection

Darfur Consortium positions
Member publications
Key ICC and UN documentation
Other organizations' assessments of international justice

Physical protection is the most urgent need in Darfur today. Armed attacks, widespread rape, hostage taking and looting continue, and civilians are desperately looking to the international community for assistance.

The African Union responded in July 2004 by deploying a small contingent of troops to protect ceasefire monitors in Darfur. Since then, the force has expanded both in size, to 7,000 troops and in its mandate. Unfortunately, the force is still unable to address the security concerns of civilians in Darfur. As a result, in July 2007, the UN Security Council passed Resolution 1769, authorizing a hand over of the current African Union force (AMIS) to a joint AU - UN hybrid force (the United Nations - African Union Mission in Darfur or UNAMID).

The Darfur Consortium and its members have responded to this need by calling on the African Union and the United Nations to reinforce both the African Union presence in Darfur and to increase broader international support for the force through the United Nations.

Read more about the need for civilian protection in Darfur:

July 31: Building a Better UNAMID - A joint NGO statement

Two years ago, the UN Security Council passed Security Council Resolution 1769 authorizing the African Union-United Nations Hybrid Operation in Darfur (UNAMID). Since then, different actors within the international community – including the UN Secretary-General, various government officials, and global advocacy coalitions – have outlined innumerable deficiencies, struggles, and failures of UNAMID. These criticisms were intended to generate a sense of urgency and incite action.

Many of the present signatories have come together over the last two years to warn that UNAMID was on the brink of failure, outlining Sudanese government obstruction and highlighting unfulfilled international commitments and needed resources, not the least of them helicopters. Although nearly 70 percent of UNAMID has been deployed, the international community still has an enormous amount of work to do in order to ensure that UNAMID can fulfill its mandate in Darfur.

Read statement here.

Darfur Consortium members urge stronger international action in support of UNAMID

(New York, December 19, 2007) Several members of the Darfur Consortium were today among 35 NGOs who issued a joint report detailing how the government of Sudan has been obstructing deployment of the joint AU-UN hybrid force in Darfur (UNAMID). The report points out that UNAMID is being set up to fail and calls on the international community, and in particular the Security Council, to take stronger action to ensure that UNAMID is able to deploy effectively.

Read the full report.

High level panel and press conference on the "responsibility to protect" to be held in Accra, Ghana, on June 27

(June 26, 2007) On the occasion of the 9th AU Head of States Summit to be held in Accra, the West African Network for Peacebuilding (WANEP) in collaboration with The Civil Society Coalition - Ghana African Union Summit, July 2007, with the support of Oxfam GB is organizing a High Level Panel Discussion and press conference on the "Responsibility to Protect."

Read more on the responsibility to protect and the panel here.

Darfur Consortium positions

Member publications

ISS responds to attack on AMIS peacekeepers

(October 16, 2007)

Part 1: AMIS Fatalities: The Cost of Peacekeeping or Symptoms of Weakness?

The challenges to peace implementation in Darfur turned tragic on 29 September, when 10 members of the AU Mission in Sudan-Darfur (AMIS) were killed in an attack by one of the rebel militia groups. The attack on the AMIS camp in Haskanita,  which was under the protection of a Nigerian company, initially left 20 missing and has brought AU fatalities to an estimated 52 killed since the inception of the mission in April 2004.

Read the full article (part one by Festus Aboagye and part two by Henri Boshoff) here.

ISS: Darfur Reveals Need for SANDF Reserve Capacity

(September 4, 2007) The United Nations African Union Mission in Darfur (UNAMID), the first ever hybrid United Nations-African Union peacekeeping force, is gathering momentum. Created on the 31st of July by UN Security Council Resolution 1769, UNAMID is set to become the largest peacekeeping force in the world and is expected to consist of around 20,000 military personnel and 6,000 police officers, backed by close to 5,000 civilian staff. Forces will be supplied mainly by African nations, supplemented by troops and police drawn primarily from Asian countries. Some Western nations have also indicated an interest in participating in UNAMID.

Read the full article.


Key ICC and UN documentation

Other organizations' assessments of international justice



African Voices


Action Professionals Association for the People

Aegis Trust Rwanda

African Centre for Democracy and Human Rights Studies

African Center for Development

African Center for Justice and Peace Studies

Africa Internally Displaced Persons Voice (Africa IDP Voice)

African Security Dialogue and Research (ASDR)

African Women's Development and Communications Network (FEMNET)

The Ahueni Foundation

Alliances for Africa

Amman Centre for Human Rights Studies

Andalus Institute for Tolerance

Anti-Slavery International

Arab Coalition for Darfur

Arab Program for Human Rights Activists

Association Africaine de Defense des Droits de l'Homme (ASADHO)

Cairo Institute for Human Rights Studies

Centre for Minority Rights Development (CEMIRIDE)

Centre for Research Education and Development of Freedom of Expression and Associated Rights (CREDO)

Citizens for Global Solutions

Conscience International

Conseil National Pour les Libertés en Tunisie

Darfur Alert Coalition (DAC)

Darfur Centre for Human Rights and Development

Darfur Leaders Network (DLN)

Darfur Reconciliation and Development Organization (DRDO)

Darfur Relief and Documentation Centre

East Africa Law Society

Egyptian Organization for Human Rights

Femmes Africa Solidarité

La Fédération Internationale des Droits de l'Homme (FIDH)

Forum of African Affairs (FOAA)

Human Rights First

Human Rights Institute of South Africa (HURISA)

Institute for Human Rights and Development in Africa

Institute for Security Studies

Inter-African Union for Human Rights (UIDH)


International Commission of Jurists (ICJ Kenya)

International Refugee Rights Initiative

Justice Africa

Justice and Peace Commission

Lawyers for Human Rights

Lebanese Association for Democratic Elections

Legal Resources Consortium-Nigeria

Ligue Tunisienne des Droits de l'Homme

Makumira University College, Tumaini University

Media Foundation for West Africa (MFWA)

Minority Rights Group

National Association of Seadogs

Never Again International

Open Society Justice Initiative

Pan-African Movement


Rencontre Africaine Pour la Defense des Droits de l'Homme (RADDHO)

Sierra Leone STAND Chapter

Sisters' Arabic Forum for Human Rights (SAF)

Socio-Economic Rights and Accountability Project (SERAP)

Sudan Organization Against Torture (SOAT)

Syrian Organization for Human Rights

Unitarian Universalist Service Committee (UUSC)

Universal Human Rights Network


Women Initiative Nigeria (WIN)

©2007 Darfur Consortium. Design by Deirdre Reznik