(28 September 2018) Starting in 1989, the Sudanese economy began to lose its memberships in the major economic organizations. That came on the heels of efforts to implement what was called an Islamic economic system, although it was nothing but slogans for which the political Islam project could find no precedents for practical application. In addition, the economy suffered the impact of neglect of agricultural, pastoral and forest resources. Later, by the year 1997, the Sudan had come to depend on oil as a basic resource. Oil revenues were shrouded in secrecy under the control of an influential group within the ruling party. However, revenues were allocated to finance armed struggles against the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement, and later against armed opposition movements in the Darfur region.
The Sudan started making efforts to meet the conditions of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) in 2001. However, it quickly became evident that there were obstacles to the transition to a free market system. The situation remained as it was, without any serious efforts to overcome it, throughout the transitional period of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (2005-2011). After the separation of South Sudan in 2011 and the loss of oil revenues, forced attempts were made to eliminate subsidies for commodities in 2012, 2013 and 2016 in order to comply with IMF conditions. None of those austerity measures was accompanied by rehabilitation of depleted agricultural resources and forests.
(26 September 2018) FIDH and its member organisation, the African Centre for Justice and Peace Studies (ACJPS) thank the Independent Expert for his report and share his concerns that serious human rights challenges are yet to be addressed by the Sudanese government.
Dissenting voices such as those who peacefully protested against high inflation and austerity measures in early 2018 were met with unlawful use of excessive force by government security forces. At least 200 individuals were arrested on January 16th and 17th by the National Intelligence and Security Service (NISS) – including human rights defenders and journalists arrested from their home or office and held incommunicado for more than 3 months; while media coverage were seized and journalists targeted for reporting on the protest.
(17 September 2018) Journalistic freedoms and freedom of opinion and expression continue to be subject to fierce and escalating attacks by the Sudanese security authorities, which impose many restrictions to limit the performance of their duties. Journalists and journalists are subjected to unprecedented repression and repression in flagrant violation of the civil and political rights document contained in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights Human rights, embodied in the Sudanese Constitution, which is a departure from the obligations of the Government of the Sudan to the international conventions and agreements that have signed and ratified.
The results monitored by the Arab Network for Media Crisis raise concerns and draw a dark and pessimistic picture of the future of press freedom and freedom of opinion and expression due to the increasing violations of the security apparatus and its continuation as described below.
(13 September 2018) On 8th September 2018, Mr. Aldouma M. Osman died at Um-Rawaba hospital as a result of torture. He was tortured by the Military Intelligence (MI) in Al-Abbasiya after being arrested together with other eight (8) civilians. They were arrested for criticizing a negligent military driver who caused an accident that resulted in serious injuries.
(September 2018) This special update covers the period from June 2016 to July 2018 and focuses on the SPLM/A-N controlled areas of Nuba Mountains/Southern Kordofan (SK) and Blue Nile (BN) states of Sudan.
For over two years now, since mid-2016, there has been a fairly effective cessation of hostilities in place in SK and BN. The decisive step taken to cease fighting and stop over five years of regular aerial bombardments was first declared by Sudanese President Omar Al Bashir on 16 June 2016 and then subsequently extended several times on a unilateral basis by the belligerent parties (SPLM/A-N and the government of Sudan), in parallel fashion, whenever their respective unilateral ceasefires are about to expire.
However, despite the cessation of hostilities, human rights violations, have continued to be committed, mainly by the Sudanese Armed Forces (SAF) and allied militias or paramilitary forces though admittedly at a lower rate.
(September 2018) Between January and June 2018, the NHRMO spoke to 238 people in the areas under the control of the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement/Army – North (SPLM/A–N) in Nuba Mountains/Southern Kordofan (SK) and Blue Nile (BN) states of Sudan which are also known as the Two Areas. The objective was to understand their perspectives on the current ceasefire (cessation of hostilities) in SK and BN.
This document is an attempt to project civilian perspectives in the Two Areas on the ceasefire issue in order to provide a platform for the unheard voices in these areas. As a result, it is hoped that these civilian perspectives will reach regional and international policy makers as well as other advocates for peace and people’s wellbeing in the Two Areas so as to bring pressure on the government of Sudan to improve the situation there.
(4 September 2018) Excellencies, We write to you in advance of the 39th Session of the United Nations Human Rights Council to share our serious concerns over the human rights and humanitarian situation in Sudan. We call upon your delegation to support the development and adoption of a strong monitoring and reporting mandate on Sudan under the Council’s agenda item 4. The resolution should mandate a Special Rapporteur to monitor, verify and report on ongoing human rights violations and abuses as well as violations of international humanitarian law, recommend concrete ways to end them, and urge the Government of Sudan to implement the recommendations made to it by UN human rights bodies and mechanisms, including mechanisms mandated by the Council.
(4 September 2018) The Arab Coalition for Sudan Consents the departure of one of the pioneers of the human rights movement, member and founder of the coalition Dr. Amin Makki Madani Sudan is one of the characters of patriotism, its most prominent political leaders, the most noble men, the world’s most courageous men, the brilliant legal expert, the judge, the university professor and the leader of the human rights movement in the Sudan and the Arab world Dr. Amin Makki Madani, the lawyer and the UN consultant in various assessment missions, Sudan, which stepped up its pure spirit on the morning of Friday, 31 August 2018, the Sudanese sacked in a majestic procession to its final resting place.