On 28th February 2021, while Mr. Mohammed Ibrahim Burma was attending to his animals (Zareeba) in Raas Elfeel, he was attacked by armed people dressed in PDF uniforms. The assailants killed him with gunshots. When the neighbours heard noise from the gun-shot, they came towards the crime scene, but the assailants had shot on them while they (assailants) are fleeing to the west direction towards the governmental territory.

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Sudanese victims ask French judges to investigate BNP Paribas’ role in atrocities


(Paris, 26 September 2019) – Nine Sudanese victims, supported by FIDH and Project Expedite Justice, have filed a criminal complaint today targeting BNP Paribas for alleged complicity in crimes against humanity, torture, and genocide that took place in Sudan, as well as financial offences. This complaint marks the first attempt to hold the French bank criminally responsible for alleged complicity in international crimes committed in Sudan, and Darfur in particular. Between at least 2002 and 2008, BNPP was considered to be Sudan’s “de facto central bank”.

Read the full press release.



(6 May 2019) Horrifying reports of violence against peaceful protesters by police in Nyala, South Darfur show that the government there continues its efforts to roll back the gains of the revolution. The police in Nyala used live ammunition and tear gas to attempt to clear the sit in that has been taking place outside the Nyala army head-quarters since 6th April, 2019. It is reported that 8 people were seriously injured by live ammunition, many more lost consciousness and were injured by the teargas. One man died this morning (May 5th, 2019) as a result of his gunshot wounds. There are also reports that the military assisted with attempts to break up the sit in by beating protesters with canes.

The Governor of South Darfur Major General Hashim Khalid Mahmoud claims that his decision to ban peaceful protests and efforts to disperse the ongoing sit-in are made to ensure “security” in the area.

The Governor of South Darfur Major General Hashim Khalid Mahmoud claims that his decision to ban peaceful protests and efforts to disperse the ongoing sit-in are made to ensure “security” in the area.

The Governor’s actions come just days after the administration in Nyala issued emergency orders prohibiting nudity, indecent dressing, and the selling of alcohol subject to fines and imprisonment, along the lines of the old regime’s public order laws. These actions show that the government in Nyala has not yet made its peace with revolutionary change and Sudan’s transformation to peace and democracy, as they continue to uphold the values of the ousted regime of Omar al-Bashir. This includes violence and repression against all civilians, but particularly women and marginalized ethnic groups.

We at SIHA condemn these actions, and call for increased scrutiny to push for revolutionary change across Sudan, especially in Darfur. We demand the Peace and Security Council at the African Union and the international community to take a firm stand in order to further stop all forms of violations against the people of Darfur who have suffered for decades as a result of the brutality of Bashir regime and Sudan’s political Islamist government.

ACJPS: Darfur Region: NISS targets peaceful protesters with arbitrary arrests and prolonged detention


(5 April 2019) Since the last week of March 2019, the National Intelligence Security Services (NISS) of Darfur region has launched a campaign of arrest, targeting political and civil activists for actual or suspected participation in the ongoing anti-government protests. The campaign followed the protests of 28 March 2019 announced by Sudanese Professional Association (SPA) across Sudan, where several peaceful protesters were detained by NISS. Reliable information indicates that more than 41 protests broke out across Sudan following the announcement by SPA.

Read the full press release.

Sudan Democracy First Group: Tales of the Tombstones: The Discrimination Against Sudanese Students from Darfur in Sudanese Universities

(1 October 2018) Sudan Democracy First Group releases its latest report that is titled (Tales of the Tombstones: The Discrimination Against Sudanese Students from Darfur in Sudanese Universities). The report researches and documents the extent and nature of the increasing violations against the Sudanese students descending from Darfur region in the Sudanese universities since the outbreak of the armed conflict in the Darfur in 2003.
The research report relied on a descriptive analytical approach and collected data through direct interviews with students from the region who had been subjected to abuses and violations, as well as interviews with lawyers and activists who are working in defending the rights of these students. The research team also reviewed the files of fifty-five legal cases before the courts relating to systematic violations against these students.

ACJPS: Militia Chaos in Darfur: What’s Next?

(October 2018) During the reporting period (20 May 2017 to November 2017), numerous developments contributing to the deterioration of security took place in Darfur. Approximately 414 members of the Rapid Support Forces (RSF) militias and armed opposition movements were killed and 331 wounded. In May 2017, 234 members of armed movements were taken prisoner during clashes in East and North Darfur States despite the deployment of the African Union-United Nations Hybrid (UNAMID) in Darfur since 31 December 2007. During the reporting period, there were three attacks in South Darfur by RSF in the Hajar Tuwayni region, an ammunition depot belonging to RSF was blown-up and live ammunition was fired at displaced persons in the Kalmah camp resulting in 23 deaths (including four children) and 60 injuries (including 10 civilians). In addition, 43 leaders of the Ma‘aliya and Rizeigat tribes in East Darfur state were arrested under the state of emergency and transferred to prisons in Port Sudan, Red Sea State, Kober in Khartoum and North Khartoum State

African Centre for Justice and Peace Studies: Study on the war economy in Darfur: The cross-border automobile trade, January 2014 – March 2017

(28 September 2018) Starting in 1989, the Sudanese economy began to lose its memberships in the major economic organizations. That came on the heels of efforts to implement what was called an Islamic economic system, although it was nothing but slogans for which the political Islam project could find no precedents for practical application. In addition, the economy suffered the impact of neglect of agricultural, pastoral and forest resources. Later, by the year 1997, the Sudan had come to depend on oil as a basic resource. Oil revenues were shrouded in secrecy under the control of an influential group within the ruling party. However, revenues were allocated to finance armed struggles against the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement, and later against armed opposition movements in the Darfur region.

The Sudan started making efforts to meet the conditions of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) in 2001. However, it quickly became evident that there were obstacles to the transition to a free market system. The situation remained as it was, without any serious efforts to overcome it, throughout the transitional period of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (2005-2011). After the separation of South Sudan in 2011 and the loss of oil revenues, forced attempts were made to eliminate subsidies for commodities in 2012, 2013 and 2016 in order to comply with IMF conditions. None of those austerity measures was accompanied by rehabilitation of depleted agricultural resources and forests.

Sudan Democracy First Group United Nations Security Council’s Accelerated Proposal for UNAMID Withdrawal: The Safety of Civilians in Darfur Is Not for Political Trade

(1st June 2018) Earlier this week, reliable sources have confirmed to Sudan Democracy First Group (SDFG), that the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) is holding discussions within itself, for a new proposal regarding the status of the United Nations/African Union Mission in Darfur (UNAMID), which will significantly decrease the mandate and scope of the mission’s work. The new proposal is intended to confine the mandate of the UNAMID to only the Jebel Mara area, with immediate effect. Moreover, it will significantly reduce the Human Rights and Monitoring responsibilities of the mission. Furthermore, the proposal includes the fast-tracking of the withdrawal plan of the UNAMID from Darfur and effectively closes all mission bases, apart from the one in Zalingi, the capital city of Central Darfur state. This accelerated exit plan aims to complete the withdrawal of the entire mission from Darfur within two years. This proposal emerged after the conclusion of a three days visit to Darfur, by a delegation from UNSC Member states from the United Kingdom, France, Sweden and the Netherlands, that commenced on the 10th May 2018.